Cause of Diabetes

Insulin is a hormone secreted by pancreas. It promotes blood glucose entering the human cell to convert it into our daily energy. It also helps converting sugar into fat, glycogen or protein. If insulin secretion is not sufficient or it cannot function properly, glucose will accumulate in the blood, causing high blood glucose level. The excess glucose will be excreted into urine.

Overall speaking, diabetes is caused by genetic factor and environment factor. Hence, for patients with family medical history of diabetes, they should pay attention to the following factors:

  • Obesity (with belly tummy)
  • Elderly
  • High blood lipid or high blood pressure
  • History of gestational diabetes)
  • Lack of exercise for a long time
  • Smoking, alcoholic
  • Mental pressure

Nutritional recommendation for diabetes patients

For diabetes patients, Mediterranean Sea diet is recommended because the diet is healthier and suitable to diabetes patients.

Detailed nutritional recommendation is shown in the below table:

Nutritional recommendation Nutrients
More vegetarian oil, esp olive oilIncrease mon-unsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)
Less animal oilReduce saturated fatty acid (SFA)
More full grain foodSlow the release of glucose
Increase diet fibre
More vegetableIncrease vitamin
MUFA = Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
SFA = Saturated Fatty Acids